Demonize the enemy–a trick of propaganda. Even beloved icons are guilty of it like Dr. Seuss and Walt Disney. Dr. Seuss was a prolific political activist during WWII and created hundreds of political cartoons for New York newspaper PM (1940-1948). He criticized the U.S. for its lethargy for entering the war. He criticized racist, anti-black labor practices in U.S. industries. He criticized regimes in general. His anti-Japanese caricatures prompted an apology later with Horton Hears a Who Atlantic Monthly, Seuss Takes on Hitler. I invite you to explore the University of California San Diego library which features Dr. Seuss’s political cartoons. UCSD Dr. Seuss Goes to War Special Collections
This ten minute Walt Disney film parodied and simplified the complex issue of Germans embracing Nazism. Mixing facts with hasty generalizations, the format of the cartoon made it easier to swallow in the guise of education.
In history class the other day, students annotated a scholarly article for homework. I selected a half-dozen to lead a discussion. At the end of the article, students were asked to answer several questions. Susie, one of my “very” students–very dedicated, very charming, very smart, very ambitious–confidently described the article. Then it came time to share the answers at the end of the article. I told the class to listen to their peer leaders and fill in any gaps they had missed. It they didn’t have the answer, now was a good time to get the information.
Outraged, Susie yelled, “Why should I tell them the answers? I stayed up late last night to prepare for today. Why would I help out those who didn’t bother to do it? That’s not fair!”
Red warning flags flapped. Ghosts from the Holocaust nudged me to handle her outburst promptly. No, Susie is not a Nazi, but her attitude reeked of it.
Many know the secret of manipulation lies in the power of propaganda; nations around the world used it to influence their citizens in WWI and WWII. For example, you might have heard of the George Creel Committee established during WWI to create propaganda posters to persuade the nation to enter the war. Eugenics was a global phenomenon, and a philosophy embraced in the 19th and 20th centuries for establishing a racial superiority. NARA power of persuasion Propaganda sets up an elitist, “It’s us against them” hierarchy. Propaganda simplifies complex issues and fosters a black and white mentality. Propaganda is a biased attempt to persuade and shape public opinion.
“The real danger of propaganda lies when competing voices are silenced –and unchecked, propaganda can have negative consequences.” United States Holocaust Museum
An interesting aspect of Nazism was the expectations placed on women. Wife/mother schools accepted Arian pure bloods and encouraged athleticism. Healthy mothers were essential for producing a brood of Nordic-looking children. The Fatherland rewarded you with a house and accolades. The opportunity for financial stability and affirmation enticed many women in Nazi Germany.
Women of Nazi Germany, was a British documentary produced by Dunja Noack and directed by Cate Haste and first broadcast in 2001. Surviving SS and Nazi women gave their historical account including Hitler’s last personal secretary, Traudl Junge. She was a principal character played by Alexandra Lara in the critically acclaimed film, Downfall (2004).
Bruno Ganz gave an electrifying performance. It was a film that succeeded in showing the cult of Adolf Hitler. The extent to which Mrs. Goebbels honored the Fatherland and Hitler chilled me to the bone. Hitler’s perverse ambition to create an Aryan, 1000-year-old German Reich ruined countries and murdered millions. Similarly, in the Pacific Theater, the Japanese emperor demanded absolute obedience from all citizens. Both countries expected the great sacrifice–death than defeat to the Allies. WWII baffles my mind. It always depresses me.
Back to Susie.
In my opinion, when one meets a new person, the mind clicks “yes”, “maybe”, or “no” with a snap decision. Take that impulse and what will you do with it? If you listen to the influences of your culture, it will shape that first impulse. I think humans are malleable. We want to feel accepted and loved, and we succumb to instant gratification–that is, we feel first and think later. Generally speaking. An ideal, a better way of life, a promise–these are the instruments of the demon as well as the angel.
Who knows why some of her classmates didn’t do their homework? There have been good and bad excuses since there have been students and teachers. When Susie felt contempt for her classmates, when she felt superior and brazenly rejected them, I felt fear. People weren’t born Nazis. It took years to cultivate that hateful ideology. Susie was not racially but intellectually contemptuous. Still, once one starts believing they are better than another, it’s a dangerous journey. Intolerance and malignity are ingredients; if fed, they grow into a cancer.
I told Susie she would feel satisfaction if she shared her strengths with her classmates. Her “very” gifts gave her an advantage; she was certain to become a leader. I told her true leaders embrace compassion, not contempt. I don’t know if she heard me, but I hope so on behalf of the multi-millions who had no voice in WWII and perished because of malignity and intoleration.
Thanks, Michael 🙂
I recently saw an excellent film I hadnever heard of before, starring William Holden as a UScitizen who joined the Canadian navy to fight with the British against Nazi Germany. My favorite line comes when a British officer enthusiastically informs Holden that the US has entered the war, to which Holden sarcastically quips, “On which side?”
Welcome, Bill. Thanks for completely getting my post. “War makes for strange bedfellows.”
Is your film ‘The Key’?
Yes…The Key. Sloppy of me to neglect to cite the title. Have you seen it?
No! In fact, Holden is an actor I know little about except his love for alcohol. I would enjoy diving into his history and checking out his best films. Any suggestions?
plenty of suggestiond for william holden. you cant really go wrong with him. right up there with newman and peck. in order of essentality: the Wild bunch, sunset boulevard, Picnic, The Country girl, the world of suzie Wong, Fedora, Stalag 17, Network,Breezy…also starring in the Key are the great Trevor howard and sophia Loren. and its directed by Carol Reed!!! perhaps the most criminally overlloked WWII movie, and in my opinion, the most unique.
🙂 I’m putting The Key in the Netflix queue today. Thanks for the essential list, Bill.
And we all know what the first casualty of war is. Really great stuff as always, Cindy. I can second the strong support for Holden, and happily add Executive Suite and Bridge on the River Kwai to Bill’s impressive list.
Thank you very much, Alex, for exploring my recent posts. Yes, Bill has fine taste. I just watched Holden in ‘the Man from Colorado’. My first Holden film. I’m considering a post but might get a few under my belt. I remember River Kwai but was too young to appreciate it and don’t recall Holden in it at all. I guess a rewatch is in order. I’ve got the Wild Bunch in my queue and will add Executive Suite. 🙂
Intriguing topic Cindy! Would you recommend Downfall? I’ve been curious to check that one out in a while. The only Nazi propaganda film I’ve seen is Triumph of the Will by Leni Refenstahl which I saw in a film class.
Yes, Triumph is a classic. Yes, I would recommend
‘Downfall’. The acting, the perspective, the insanity, but I suspect you won’t like it because it’s disturbing. I would rather you see ‘Nowhere in Africa’. It’s a beautiful film and no violence in comparison. Thanks, Ruth, for always commenting. You are the best. ♥
Duly noted Cindy, looks like you have a review of ‘Nowhere in Africa’ that I missed, so I’ll check that out.
Btw, do pop over for a music break when you have a chance. Have you heard of Beyond the Lights? I highly recommend that and it sounds like something you’d appreciate.
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those who like Downfall might also enjoy Moloch
Intriguing post and dissertation, Cindy:
Propaganda, manipulation and peer pressure are great tools to control and placate the masses. Yet all are reliant upon scapegoats, straw or bogeymen to operate for optimum results. Kind of like one side of today’s political spectrum telling those just old enough to vote today, that they were “Special snowflakes” throughout their youth. Only to tell the next generation that they are only as smart as the least intelligent student in the class through “Common Core”.
And when the unwashed masses solidly reject those beliefs and outcomes. The propagandists create another straw man to blame for that result. Since propagandists are never wrong! They think and act statically. Never dynamically. But they are never wrong.
Securing my soap box.
Bruno Ganz positively rocks as the failed leader in ‘Downfall’. Having wasted all of his party’s earlier work to create a Master Race. By throwing them away in the fields and steppes of Russia. In a film, that like ‘Triumph Of The Will’ and ‘Das Boot’ needs to be seen in German. With subtitles.
Thanks, Kevin for your support and comments. Not an easy topic to write about. Nazism isn’t a “fun” post. My heart was is in the post, so I appreciate you taking the time to share your thoughts. BTW, looked for your contribution to supporting character and couldn’t find it in the wordpress reader. Can you send me a link so I can reciprocate by commenting? 🙂
Your wish is my command.
It’s been a busy few weeks. And I’ve been pleasantly surprised with all of the positive feedback, opinions and comments.
Kudos to you for taking on such a difficult topic and defining it so well. Sometimes, the harder something is to write about brings out the best results. 🙂
Thank you, Kevin, my friend. 🙂
I’ve just read the comments above. I would suggest seeing Stalag 17 – it’s a favorite movie of mine.
I can’t believe that one escaped me after all these years. Will do!
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I didn’t expect to, but I just finished watching ‘Women of Nazi Germany’ in its entirety. The footage is riveting. I’ve just told my teenage daughter to watch it too as I’m certain they don’t watch these type of documentaries at her school. Thanks again.
I’m so glad you found time to read my post. I’ve always been curious how a society could be brainwashed to the extent the German people were. If you haven’t seen ‘The Wave’ (2008) a modern German film about high school students, your daughter should watch that one, too. A non-fiction book by a CA teacher, in 1969 this teacher creates an experiment about anarchy with his students. All are surprised how a microcosm of Nazism erupts in school. It’s a fine allegory with a powerful, riveting (great word) ending.